Tadthta Jouevyaix Cherani

Cherani Trade Speech Lexicon

Return to Language Home Page
Copyright © 2003 Elyse M. Grasso
Return to Language Home Page
Return to Lexicon Page
Return to Top

Keyword Listing

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Other

A

absolutive case
nge
Class: particle: case
XSAMPA:/NE/
Gloss: absolutive: nonsentient intransitive subject, or object of transitive verb
abstinence
jünn
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/d_Zun:/
Gloss:abstinence, chastity
abstract key
-ei-
Class: specifier key
XSAMPA:/e_i/
Gloss:specifier for something in the abstract class
account
tadthta
Class: root: nominal -- language
XSAMPA:/tad_Tta/
Gloss: lexicon, account
accusative case
e
Class: particle: case
XSAMPA:/E/
Gloss: accusative marker: sentient object of a transitive verb
across
aid
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/a_id/
Gloss: along a route or across open space
adjectivalizer
i-
Class: specifier affix
XSAMPA:/I/
Gloss:verbalizer, adjectivalizer
adult
llüsh
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/K\uS/
Gloss:to be adult
afternoon
sef
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/sEf/
Gloss:afternoon, the time between noon and (nominal) sunset
air
eux
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/e_uh\/
Gloss:air
all
te
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/tE/
Gloss:all
almost
kïshutth
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/kiS@t_T/
Gloss:almost, nearly
along
aid
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/a_id/
Gloss: along a route or across open space
altar
rudth
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/r\@d_T/
Gloss:altar
amidst
dthev
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/d_TEv/
Gloss:amidst
and
dli
Class: particle: conjunction
XSAMPA:/d_K\I/
Gloss: And
angry
veith
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/ve_iT/
Gloss:to be angry
animal
drïv
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/dr\iv/
Gloss:animal
hïn
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/hin/
Gloss:a large flying insectlike predator with beautiful wings, "dragonfly"
khall
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/k_XaK\/
Gloss:an animal
mïaull
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/Fia_uK\/
Gloss:an animal
nnürr
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/n:uR\/
Gloss:animal
thurryïd
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/T@R\jid/
Gloss:an animal
animal (draught)
külïs
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/kulis/
Gloss:a hadrosaurish domestic animal, culturally like a very mellow camel or a very large llama
animal (meat)
dhellom
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/DEK\OF/
Gloss:animal, meat "pig"
animal, dairy
thiz
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/TIz/
Gloss:a "dairy" animal that supplies food while living, "goat"
animal, domesticated
heud
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/he_ud/
Gloss:a working domesticated animal "cat"
animal, draft
kix
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/kIh\/
Gloss:a draft animal from the west continent
animal, small
waum
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/wa_uF/
Gloss:smaller nonsentient animal related to rürathta, "monkey"
animal, wild herds
lougx
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/lo_ug_?/
Gloss: ceratopsians that live in big herds on the plains, the dinosaurish ecoloogical equivalent of American Bison
animate key
-ü-
Class: specifier key
XSAMPA:/u/
Gloss:specifier for something in the animate class
anti-query
-ro
Class: modal affix
XSAMPA:/r\O/
Gloss:anti-query
ro
Class: modal particle
XSAMPA:/r\O/
Gloss:anti-query, answer, intensive
any
gle
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/g_KE/
Gloss:any
archipelago
afang
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/afaN/
Gloss:archipelago
arm
re
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/r\E/
Gloss:arm
around
nos
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/nOs/
Gloss:around, surrounding (the fence is around the house)
around (go)
ngoth
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/NOT/
Gloss:around, as in go around the barrier
associate with
eon
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/EOn/
Gloss: to be associated with, to have (politer form)
associative case
on
Class: particle: case
XSAMPA:/On/
Gloss: associative
at (time)
eul
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/e_ul/
Gloss: at a time
at location
ka
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/ka/
Gloss: at, beside
avatar
llaits
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/K\a_it_s/
Gloss:avatar
away from
ün
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/un/
Gloss:away from
away from the surface
sakh
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/sak_X/
Gloss: away from the surface, up into the trees or down into the water
axle
reurr
Class: root: nominal -- geography, root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/r\e_uR\/
Gloss:spindle, the axle of a wheel, the axis (pole) of the world
Return to Top

B

bad
zois
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/zo_is/
Gloss:is bad
barley
xezh
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/h\EZ/
Gloss:a plant cultivated for its edible seeds. hovrath is brewed from sprouted xezh
basket
fairritsei
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/fa_iR\It_se_i/
Gloss:basket
bayou
dheich
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/De_it_S/
Gloss:bayou
beach
lauz
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/la_uz/
Gloss:beach
bead
hauth
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/ha_uT/
Gloss:bead (used in jewelry and ornaments
beads
sinnkoh
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/sIn:kOh/
Gloss:a set of beads used for religious pruposes, rosary
beak
oil
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/o_il/
Gloss:a beak or bill
bed
tthais
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/t_Ta_is/
Gloss:bed, hammock
beer
hovrath
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/hOvr\aT/
Gloss: a brewed alcoholic beverage, 'beer'
begin Xing
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/tu/
Gloss:inceptive, begin doing X
beginning
ennut
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/En:@t/
Gloss:beginning of things (theological), root cause
beginning (idiom.)
züla
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/zula/
Gloss:button, toggle; idiom: start, beginning (referring to the asrrï); slang: head
belly
yun
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/j@n/
Gloss:belly
beside
ka
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/ka/
Gloss: at, beside
bet (n)
zhauts
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/Za_ut_s/
Gloss:wager, a bet
bind
tit
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/tIt/
Gloss:to bind
black
zhosh
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/ZOS/
Gloss: is black
blanket
tsod
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/t_sOd/
Gloss: blanket, cloak
bless
tsüzh
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/t_suZ/
Gloss:to bless
blue
onn
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/On:/
Gloss: is blue
boardgame
Halasi
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/halasI/
Gloss: a game somewhat like mah jong and dominoes
boat
khaig
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/k_Xa_ig/
Gloss:boat
-body
es
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/Es/
Gloss: -body, as in nobody, somebody, anybody
bone
eid
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/e_id/
Gloss: bone
box
aitth
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/a_it_T/
Gloss:box, container
brave
xarru
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/h\aR\@/
Gloss: is brave
bread
lïn
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/lin/
Gloss:a starchy baked food made from a root, which can be induced to form stabilized air bubbles, "bread",
bridge
nüdho
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/nuDO/
Gloss:bridge
brown
trill
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/tr\IK\/
Gloss: is brown
build
jadh
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/d_ZaD/
Gloss:to build
building felt
ushdhei
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/@SDe_i/
Gloss:building felt
burden
shodh
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/SOD/
Gloss:burden
button
züla
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/zula/
Gloss:button, toggle; idiom: start, beginning (referring to the asrrï); slang: head
buy
losh
Class: root: verbal -- exchange
XSAMPA:/lOS/
Gloss:to buy
by
o
Class: particle: case
XSAMPA:/O/
Gloss:by (authorship, oblique agent)
Return to Top

C

cabbage
zoi
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/zo_i/
Gloss:a kind of plant with edible leaves "cabbage"
calendar
edvein
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts, root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/Edve_in/
Gloss:calendar
carpet
tsïts
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/t_sit_s/
Gloss:carpet
carrot
thoin
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/To_in/
Gloss:a plant with an edible root, "carrot"
carry
dhovu
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/DOv@/
Gloss: carry
category
wuf
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/w@f/
Gloss:category, halasi suit
causative
ïf
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/if/
Gloss:causative
cause (n)
ennut
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/En:@t/
Gloss:beginning of things (theological), root cause
chair
kyütth
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/kjut_T/
Gloss:chair, seat
chant
wan
Class: root: verbal -- communication
XSAMPA:/wan/
Gloss:chant
chastity
jünn
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/d_Zun:/
Gloss:abstinence, chastity
cheat
rüg
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/r\ug/
Gloss:to cheat
chieftain
cheden
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/t_SEdEn/
Gloss:chieftain, important person, literally inner person
child
feidz
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/fe_id_z/
Gloss:child
child of
acharya
Class: particle: kinship
XSAMPA:/at_Sar\ja/
Gloss: "seed-and-pouch-child-of", relational component in Hasrian names. Important implications in inheritance law.
dlia
Class: particle: kinship
XSAMPA:/d_K\Ia/
Gloss: pouch-child-of, relational component in Hasrian names, usually implies "but not immediate seed-child of"
kellya
Class: particle: kinship
XSAMPA:/kEK\ja/
Gloss: of-the seed-line-of, relational component in Hasrian names, usually implies "but not the pouch child of" if the reference is to an individual rather than a lineage
chimney
onnhoich
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/On:ho_it_S/
Gloss:chimney
clan
ngaiv
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/Na_iv/
Gloss:kin group, clan
claw
tsazh
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/t_saZ/
Gloss: claw, talon
clever
al
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/al/
Gloss:to be clever
climb
wüdh
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/wuD/
Gloss:climb, go up
cloak
tsod
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/t_sOd/
Gloss: blanket, cloak
clock
dzoij
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts, root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/d_zo_id_Z/
Gloss:clock
cloth
dzeudal
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/d_ze_udal/
Gloss:cloth
cloud
yoir
Class: root: nominal -- weather
XSAMPA:/jo_ir\/
Gloss:cloud
coast
thuvais
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/T@va_is/
Gloss: (sea)coast, shore
cognitive class
-e-
Class: specifier key
XSAMPA:/E/
Gloss:specifier for an entity in the sentient/cognitive class
cold
dthov
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/d_TOv/
Gloss:to be cold
collective key
-ai-
Class: specifier key
XSAMPA:/a_i/
Gloss:specifier for something in the substantial, collective class
collectivizer
-tu
Class: modal affix
XSAMPA:/t@/
Gloss: collectivizer, nominalizer
color
yün
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/jun/
Gloss:color, dye
communicate
loj
Class: root: verbal -- communication
XSAMPA:/lOd_Z/
Gloss:communicate
community
neikhav
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/ne_ik_Xav/
Gloss:community, a connected group of people (as opposed to a vaiv which is the physical village: a ghost town is a vaiv, but not a neikhav)
comparative
vo
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/vO/
Gloss:more (comparative)
complete
wul
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/w@l/
Gloss: complete, finish
connect
zei
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/ze_i/
Gloss:to connect
consecrate
llod
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/K\Od/
Gloss:consecrate
container
aitth
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/a_it_T/
Gloss:box, container
continent
draih
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/dr\a_ih/
Gloss:continent, mainland
continuant
eu
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/e_u/
Gloss:continuant
contract
thüfad
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/Tufad/
Gloss:contract
contractual
-fa
Class: modal affix
XSAMPA:/fa/
Gloss:evidential, contractual
fae
Class: modal particle
XSAMPA:/faE/
Gloss:evidential, contractual
cook
sodz
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/sOd_z/
Gloss:to cook
cord
fwïts
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/fwit_s/
Gloss:"cord", a term involved in several units of measurement, also (rarely) an actual piece of string
corner, go around
guz
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/g@z/
Gloss:to go around a corner
cornucopia
unn
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/@n:/
Gloss:cornucopia
courage
yoinn
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/jo_in:/
Gloss:courage
court
Chevet on Hasri
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/t_SEvEtOnhasr\I/
Gloss: the Hasri's parliament
courtship
chevet
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/t_SEvEt/
Gloss: the Hasrian courtship/mating ritual
courtyard
goith
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/go_iT/
Gloss:courtyard
craftsmanship
fairroud
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/fa_iR\o_ud/
Gloss:displaying craftsmanship
crank
rreut
Class: root: nominal artifacts
XSAMPA:/R\e_ut/
Gloss:crank
crease
led
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/lEd/
Gloss:crease
creep
rroull
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/R\o_uK\/
Gloss:to creep or slink on all fours, belly down; to stalk like a cat
crop
ef
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/Ef/
Gloss:crop
cross
aiyeim
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/a_ije_iF/
Gloss:to cross, to ford
curl
of
Class: root: verbal -- motion
XSAMPA:/Of/
Gloss:to wind or curl
current
deitnerr
Class: root: verbal -- motion
XSAMPA:/de_itnER\/
Gloss:to flow, current
curse
aish
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/a_iS/
Gloss:to curse
Return to Top

D

dance
soitsan
Class: root: verbal -- motion
XSAMPA:/so_it_san/
Gloss:dance
dark
aull
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/a_uK\/
Gloss:darkness
dawn
rosüz
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/r\Osuz/
Gloss:dawn, sunrise
day
lür
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/lur\/
Gloss:day
dead
shuzh
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/S@Z/
Gloss:is dead
defend
inaith
Class: root:verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/Ina_iT/
Gloss:to defend
deity
neit
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/ne_it/
Gloss:god, deity
demon
leunn
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/le_un:/
Gloss:demon
descended from
dzeu
Class: particle: kinship
XSAMPA:/d_ze_u/
Gloss:of the lineage of
die
ühr
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/uh_R\/
Gloss:die, kill
die (noun, gambling)
zhauh
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/Za_uh/
Gloss:a die, one of a set of dice
digit
jaiv
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/d_Za_iv/
Gloss:finger, digit
diligent
lex
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/lEh\/
Gloss:to be diligent
dining hall
fois
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/fo_is/
Gloss:dining hall
dive
evouzh
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/Evo_uZ/
Gloss:dive, go down
do
ho
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/hO/
Gloss:to do
domino
frung
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/fr\@N/
Gloss:domino, halasi playing piece
dorsal-ward
ang
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/aN/
Gloss: personal direction: dorsal (the vulnerable direction corresponding to the place between the shoulder blades
downwind
tse
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/t_sE/
Gloss:down- slope,wind, current, etc.
draft
rat
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/r\at/
Gloss:draft, pulling
dragonfly
hïn
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/hin/
Gloss:a large flying insectlike predator with beautiful wings, "dragonfly"
draw
vod
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/vOd/
Gloss:to draw: a picture or text on a page (render?)
drink (v)
khai
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/k_Xa_i/
Gloss:to drink
durative
ï
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/i/
Gloss:durative
during time
ngoij
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/No_id_Z/
Gloss: during (a stretch of time)
dwell
litsüts
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/lIt_sut_s/
Gloss:to dwell
dye
yün
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/jun/
Gloss:color, dye
Return to Top

E

ear
redh
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/r\ED/
Gloss:ear
east
vozuv
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/vOz@v/
Gloss:east
East Continent
Reixad
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/r\e_ih\ad/
Gloss:the continent east of the narrow ocean
eat
nüg
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/nug/
Gloss:to eat
eel
yeu
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/je_u/
Gloss:a snakelike fish, eel
eight
dinas
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/dInas/
Gloss: Eight
elder
jisin
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/d_ZIsIn/
Gloss:elder
eleven
shas
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/Sas/
Gloss: Eleven
end
wütu
Class: root: nominal -- language
XSAMPA:/wut@/
Gloss:end, finish, end of text
end (idiom.)
künla
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/kunla/
Gloss:tassle, fringe; end (idiomatic, reference to the wültu); tail (slang)
enfold
naingaul
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/na_iNa_ul/
Gloss:understand, grab or ensnare on all sides, enwrap or enfold overwhelm
ensnare
ngaul
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/Na_ul/
Gloss:ensnare, entangle
envy
geih
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/ge_ih/
Gloss:envy
equative
ta
Class: modal particle
XSAMPA:/ta/
Gloss:comparative, equative
equinox
rraith
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/R\a_iT/
Gloss:equinox
-er
-us
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/@s/
Gloss:-er, one who does x
ergative
so
Class: particle: case
XSAMPA:/sO/
Gloss: ergative marker: non-sentient subject of transitive verb
evening
vaiz
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/va_iz/
Gloss:evening, the time between sunset and midnight
every
edth
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/Ed_T/
Gloss:every
tlai
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/t_K\a_i/
Gloss:every
evidence
fatu
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/fat@/
Gloss:evidence
evidential
-fa
Class: modal affix
XSAMPA:/fa/
Gloss:evidential, contractual
fae
Class: modal particle
XSAMPA:/faE/
Gloss:evidential, contractual
eye
dain
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/da_in/
Gloss:eye
Return to Top

F

face
eitth
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/e_it_T/
Gloss:face
faith
eunn
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/e_un:/
Gloss:faith
falcon
vana
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/vana/
Gloss: a toothed, feathered, flying predator ('falcon')
false
zyim
Class: root: verbal -- communication
XSAMPA:/zjIF/
Gloss:to lie, to be false
family
teiv
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/te_iv/
Gloss:household, family
Far Islands
Shefaiela
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/SEfa_iEla/
Gloss:the far (mid-ocean) archipelago
fast
neir
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/ne_ir\/
Gloss:to be fast, to be quick
favorite
soja
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/sOd_Za/
Gloss: is favored, preferred
fear
rreush
Class: root: verbal -- sensation
XSAMPA:/R\e_uS/
Gloss:to fear
female
chon
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/t_SOn/
Gloss:to be female (bearing mind the hazards of defining femaleness)
fence
naith
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/na_iT/
Gloss: barrier, fence hedge, defenses
fern
auth
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/a_uT/
Gloss:plants, ground cover, ferns
fiber
eishogiz
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/e_iSOgIz/
Gloss: a plant fiber used in weaving
fifteen
sodth
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/sOd_T/
Gloss: Fifteen
finger
jaiv
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/d_Za_iv/
Gloss:finger, digit
finish
wul
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/w@l/
Gloss: complete, finish
wütu
Class: root: nominal -- language
XSAMPA:/wut@/
Gloss:end, finish, end of text
fire
llats
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/K\at_s/
Gloss:fire
fish
tois
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/to_is/
Gloss: fish
fish, snake-
yeu
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/je_u/
Gloss:a snakelike fish, eel
five
kel
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/kEl/
Gloss: Five
flame
ladh
Class: root: nominal -- qualities, root: nominal -- materials, root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/laD/
Gloss:flame, lamp, light
flavor
evaz
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/Evaz/
Gloss:flavor
floor
gidz
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/gId_z/
Gloss:floor
flower, carnivorous
tsafot
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/t_safOt/
Gloss: a carnivorous flower
flower, Hasri's
ruch
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/r\@t_S/
Gloss:a seven-petalled night-blooming flower, the Hasri's emblem
fly
aijïn
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/a_id_Zin/
Gloss:fly
fog
vaurr
Class: root: nominal -- weather
XSAMPA:/va_uR\/
Gloss:fog, mist
food
hyozh
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/hjOZ/
Gloss:food
ford
aiyeim
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/a_ije_iF/
Gloss:to cross, to ford
four
edin
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/EdIn/
Gloss: Four
fourteen
wiyg
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/wIjg/
Gloss: Fourteen
fraction
khen
Class: root: nominal -- math
XSAMPA:/k_XEn/
Gloss:fraction
fresh
zeidth
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/ze_id_T/
Gloss:to be fresh, part of the new crop
fringe
künla
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/kunla/
Gloss:tassle, fringe; end (idiomatic, reference to the wültu); tail (slang)
from
otth
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/Ot_T/
Gloss:from, beginning at
fruit
yeill
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/je_iK\/
Gloss: fruit
future
sha
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/Sa/
Gloss:future
Return to Top

G

gallery
keil
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/ke_il/
Gloss:a loft or gallery, an upper story that does not cross the full area of a building
gamelan
talinnen
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/talIn:En/
Gloss:a complex percussion instrument/orchestra, like gamelan, common at Flame rituals
garden
rroizir
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/R\o_izIr\/
Gloss:garden
gate
zha
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/Za/
Gloss:gate
gear
xaudz
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/h\a_ud_z/
Gloss:a gear in an clock or machine
gem
taur
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/ta_ur\/
Gloss:gem, jewel
generous
reionn
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/r\e_iOn:/
Gloss:to be generous, to be liberal
geographic key
-au-
Class: specifier key
XSAMPA:/a_u/
Gloss:specifier for geographic or territorial entities
gill
lous
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/lo_us/
Gloss: a gill, on one of the throat openings that Shayanans have instead of nostrils
gluttonous
sleish
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/sle_iS/
Gloss:to be a glutton
go
nus
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/n@s/
Gloss:to go, to travel
go down
evouzh
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/Evo_uZ/
Gloss:dive, go down
go up
wüdh
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/wuD/
Gloss:climb, go up
goat
thiz
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/TIz/
Gloss:a "dairy" animal that supplies food while living, "goat"
gold
nüf
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/nuf/
Gloss:is gold
good
dhol
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/DOl/
Gloss:to be good
grain
nïdhauz
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/niDa_uz/
Gloss:nut, grain (of sand)
grandparent
llauv
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/K\a_uv/
Gloss:grandparent
great
yoi
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/jo_i/
Gloss:great
greedy
leuf
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/le_uf/
Gloss:to be greedy
green
vat
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/vat/
Gloss: is green
greenstock
jrïf
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/d_Zr\if/
Gloss:plants, greenstock
greet
vev
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/vEv/
Gloss:to greet
groom
fauz
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/fa_uz/
Gloss:to groom
grooming oil
lleif
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/K\e_if/
Gloss:grooming oil
grooming oil gland
drün
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/dr\un/
Gloss:grooming oil gland
guardian/witness
ngokho
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/NOkhO/
Gloss:guardian/witness, statue of servant of the Unnamed
Return to Top

H

habitual
ya
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/ja/
Gloss: habitual marker
halasi tile
nurrvür
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/n@R\vur\/
Gloss:a hexagonal tile used in halasi
half
rrats
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/R\at_s/
Gloss:half
halfday
ifrrim
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/IfR\If/
Gloss:the time from midnight to noon or noon to midnight, halfday
hall, round
ireig
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/Ir\e_ig/
Gloss:round-hall
hallow
shoi
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/So_i/
Gloss:hallow
hammer
xeij
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/h\e_id_Z/
Gloss:hammer
hammock
tthais
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/t_Ta_is/
Gloss:bed, hammock
hand
dhai
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/Da_i/
Gloss:hand
hardgoods
gazhing
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/gaZIN/
Gloss:hardgoods
harmony
netann
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/nEtan:/
Gloss: equity, harmony
harvest
ot
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/Ot/
Gloss:to harvest
hatch
ziv
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/zIv/
Gloss:hatch
hatchling
ziveif
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/zIve_if/
Gloss:hatchling
have
eon
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/EOn/
Gloss: to be associated with, to have (politer form)
head
joidh
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/d_Zo_iD/
Gloss:head
head (slang)
züla
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/zula/
Gloss:button, toggle; idiom: start, beginning (referring to the asrrï); slang: head
headward
glorr
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/g_KOR\/
Gloss: headward
heal
nait
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/na_it/
Gloss:to heal someone
healthy
ïn
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/in/
Gloss:well, healthy
heap
rraig
Class: specifier, root: nominal
XSAMPA:/R\a_ig/
Gloss:heap, pile, large quantity
hear
ïdl
Class: root: verbal -- sensation
XSAMPA:/id_K\/
Gloss:hear
hearth
reizh
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/r\e_iZ/
Gloss:hearth, firepit
here
os
Class: root: demonstrative
XSAMPA:/Os/
Gloss: here, nearby in the current level of enclosure
honesty
grunn
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/gr\@n:/
Gloss:honesty
hope
ïnneis
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/in:e_is/
Gloss:hope
hot
soth
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/sOT/
Gloss:to be hot
hour
lïnn
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/lin:/
Gloss:hour, in the northern system
hour, in the southern system
chaull
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/t_Sa_uK\/
Gloss:hour
house, courtyard
thït
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/Tit/
Gloss:a house built around a courtyard
house, round
ïg
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/ig/
Gloss:small round house with a smokehole, not a chimney, ancestor of the ireig
house, tree
dharassa
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/Dar\assa/
Gloss: a traditional Hasrian tree-dwelling, a room in that style
household
teiv
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/te_iv/
Gloss:household, family
how
va
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/va/
Gloss: Impersonal, nonspecific, usually abstract and non-animate. Method or means, 'how' in somehow or anyhow (takes the particle: directional 'a'). Manner (takes a different particle: directional). (When, with still other particle: directionals?)
humble
rreij
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/R\e_id_Z/
Gloss:to be humble
hunger
roich
Class: root: verbal -- sensation
XSAMPA:/r\o_it_S/
Gloss:to hunger
hunt
heu
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/he_u/
Gloss:to hunt
hypothesis
xae
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/h\aE/
Gloss:hypothesis
hypothetical
-xa
Class: modal affix
XSAMPA:/h\a/
Gloss:hypothetical
Return to Top

I

ice
ïhai
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/iha_i/
Gloss:ice, snow
idea
ol
Class: root: nominal -- language
XSAMPA:/Ol/
Gloss:idea
ill
adth
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/ad_T/
Gloss:to be sick, ill
in
arr
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/aR\/
Gloss: in (an enclosure)
in here
chete
Class: root: demonstrative
XSAMPA:/t_SEtE/
Gloss: in here
in there
dezhet
Class: root: demonstrative
XSAMPA:/dEZEt/
Gloss: in there (more enclosed than the speaker)
inanimate key
-o-
Class: specifier key
XSAMPA:/O/
Gloss:specifier for something in the inanimate class
incense
ül
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/ul/
Gloss:incense, perfume
inceptive
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/tu/
Gloss:inceptive, begin doing X
initiate
süvo
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/suvO/
Gloss:4B 2E 54 22
inn
shoiv
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/So_iv/
Gloss:inn
inner
chet
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/t_SEt/
Gloss: medial? inner?
Inner Coast
Thuvaisshet
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/T@va_isSEt/
Gloss: Region name: Inner Coast
inside yonder
shuzhren
Class: root: demonstrative
XSAMPA:/S@Zr\En/
Gloss: inside yonder
interchanged
ei
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/e_i/
Gloss: reflexive, shared, interchanged
into
ath
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/aT/
Gloss: into (an enclosure)
irrealis
-zü
Class: modal affix
XSAMPA:/zu/
Gloss:irrealis
züe
Class: modal particle
XSAMPA:/zuE/
Gloss:irrealis
-ish
li
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/lI/
Gloss:-ish
island
nif
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/nIf/
Gloss:island
ivory
noin
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/no_in/
Gloss: tooth, ivory
Return to Top

J

journey
llïg
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/K\ig/
Gloss:to journey
joyfull
lleuts
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/K\e_ut_s/
Gloss:to be joyfull, rejoice
jump
kïdz
Class: root: verbal -- motion
XSAMPA:/kid_z/
Gloss:to jump
jussive
nad
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/nad/
Gloss:imperative/jussive marker: let...
justice
medth
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/FEd_T/
Gloss:justice
Return to Top

K

kelp
ïr
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/ir\/
Gloss:kelp
key
eil
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/e_il/
Gloss:key (for a lock)
kill
ühr
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/uh_R\/
Gloss:die, kill
kindness
nnaj
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/n:ad_Z/
Gloss:to be kind
kitchen
chezh
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/t_SEZ/
Gloss:kitchen
kite
tïrr
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/tiR\/
Gloss:kite
knife
ain
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/a_in/
Gloss:knife
Return to Top

L

ladder
nüv
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/nuv/
Gloss:net, ladder
lamp
ladh
Class: root: nominal -- qualities, root: nominal -- materials, root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/laD/
Gloss:flame, lamp, light
lance
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/li/
Gloss:spear, lance
large
tïch
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/tit_S/
Gloss:to be large
latch
thots
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/TOt_s/
Gloss:latch
lazy
dzi
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/d_zI/
Gloss:to be slothful, to be lazy
leapday
iz
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/Iz/
Gloss:an extra day to make things come out even, leapday, extra day on a contract
leapyear
tseih
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/t_se_ih/
Gloss:leapyear
least
üd
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/ud/
Gloss:least (comparative not number)
leech
fenfi
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/fEnfI/
Gloss: a bloodsucking parasite, a leech, also the usual Shayanan mis-pronunciation of the acronym for the Imperial Secret Police
left forward
saif
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/sa_if/
Gloss: left-arm-ward
left rearward
tsidth
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/t_sId_T/
Gloss: left-leg-ward
leg
thouzh
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/To_uZ/
Gloss:leg
legionaire
tlis
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/t_K\Is/
Gloss: technically, a bio-weapon that takes 16 years to mature; in practice, an Imperial Legionaire, often used as a term of address for those without specific or known ranks (the term had fallen out of use before the Imperial legions arrived: there was some feeling that 16 years wasn't long enough to need a separate word)
length
dhïg
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/Dig/
Gloss:length
less
at
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/at/
Gloss:less (comparative) degree, not number
lever
jüx
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/d_Zuh\/
Gloss:lever
lexicon
tadthta
Class: root: nominal -- language
XSAMPA:/tad_Tta/
Gloss: lexicon, account
liberal
reionn
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/r\e_iOn:/
Gloss:to be generous, to be liberal
lie
zyim
Class: root: verbal -- communication
XSAMPA:/zjIF/
Gloss:to lie, to be false
life
llau
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/K\a_u/
Gloss:life
light
ladh
Class: root: nominal -- qualities, root: nominal -- materials, root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/laD/
Gloss:flame, lamp, light
saiz
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/sa_iz/
Gloss:light
-like
yo
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/jO/
Gloss:-like
lineage
engzheit
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/ENZe_it/
Gloss:lineage
lips
nag
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/nag/
Gloss:lips
little people
Nedranets
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/nEdr\anEts/
Gloss: a smaller, largely arboreal species related to the speaking Shayanans. Their tails are balancing organs, not prehensile, and they sleep in hollow trees instead of woven nets.
livestock
aidth
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/a_id_T/
Gloss:livestock
location
soitth
Class: root: nominal -- location
XSAMPA:/so_it_T/
Gloss:place, location
lock
wïsh
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/wiS/
Gloss:lock
loft
keil
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/ke_il/
Gloss:a loft or gallery, an upper story that does not cross the full area of a building
long
weh
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/wEh/
Gloss:to be long (of an object)
ü
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/u/
Gloss:a long distance or a long time , not a long object
loom
keuts
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/ke_ut_s/
Gloss:loom
love
oiv
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/o_iv/
Gloss:to love
lumber
loh
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/lOh/
Gloss:wood, lumber
lust
thünn
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/Tun:/
Gloss:to lust
Return to Top

M

machine
hoj
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/hOd_Z/
Gloss: mill, machine
mainland
draih
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/dr\a_ih/
Gloss:continent, mainland
make
dzü
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/d_zu/
Gloss:make
-maker
-dze
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/d_zE/
Gloss:-maker
male
thash
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/TaS/
Gloss:male (the definition of maleness needs care, tends to be different for rü vs other species on their world)
-man
-in
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/In/
Gloss: 'person who is', like the -man in Superman or Batman, -en is an older form
manner
va
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/va/
Gloss: Impersonal, nonspecific, usually abstract and non-animate. Method or means, 'how' in somehow or anyhow (takes the particle: directional 'a'). Manner (takes a different particle: directional). (When, with still other particle: directionals?)
manufacture
dzüdhai
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/d_zuDa_i/
Gloss:manufacture, handmake (an artifact)
many
eidh
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/e_iD/
Gloss:many
market
dlath
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/d_K\aT/
Gloss:market
mask
ngur
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts, root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/N@r\/
Gloss:mask
matched
firr
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/fIR\/
Gloss: is matched, accompany, balanced
mate
heusa
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/he_usa/
Gloss:partner, hunting-mate
maze
heuk
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/he_uk/
Gloss:maze
meaning
llal
Class: root: verbal -- communication
XSAMPA:/K\al/
Gloss:to mean, to have meaning (word)
measure
dzaidh
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/d_za_iD/
Gloss:to measure
meat
khoun
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/k_Xo_un/
Gloss: meat, flesh
meditate
nniv
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/n:Iv/
Gloss:to meditate
method
va
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/va/
Gloss: Impersonal, nonspecific, usually abstract and non-animate. Method or means, 'how' in somehow or anyhow (takes the particle: directional 'a'). Manner (takes a different particle: directional). (When, with still other particle: directionals?)
midafternoon
nnak
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/n:ak/
Gloss:midafternoon, the time halfway between noon and sunset
midevening
küv
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/kuv/
Gloss:midevening
midmorning
ngex
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/NEh\/
Gloss:midmorning
midnight
syang
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/sjaN/
Gloss:midnight
midpredawn
sïrr
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/siR\/
Gloss:midpredawn, halfway between midnight and dawn
milk
ching
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/t_SIN/
Gloss:milk
mill
hoj
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/hOd_Z/
Gloss: mill, machine
minute
air
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/a_ir\/
Gloss:minute, northern clock system
klash
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/k_K\aS/
Gloss:minute, in the southern clock system
xal
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/h\al/
Gloss:minute on northern system clocks
mist
vaurr
Class: root: nominal -- weather
XSAMPA:/va_uR\/
Gloss:fog, mist
money
heufet
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/he_ufEt/
Gloss:"twists", the Hasrian currency
lekïdth
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/lEkid_T/
Gloss:money
shyaush
Class: root: nominal, root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/Sja_uS/
Gloss:spiral, the shape, which has great religious importance in the south polar region, also the name of the currency used there, which is marked with spirals
ull
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/@K\/
Gloss:seashell used as currency, or currency derived from it
monkey
waum
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/wa_uF/
Gloss:smaller nonsentient animal related to rürathta, "monkey"
month
vaidz
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/va_id_z/
Gloss:month
month, half
furr
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/f@R\/
Gloss:halfmonth, the period from new moon to full or full to new
moon
feix
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/fe_ih\/
Gloss:moon
loim
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/lo_iF/
Gloss:a moon or satellite, something that goes around a planet
moon, joker
jïetzodh
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/d_ZiEtzOD/
Gloss:the small, non-spherical 'joker' moon
more
vo
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/vO/
Gloss:more (comparative)
morning
rre
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/R\E/
Gloss:morning, or specifically the clock period between dawn and noon
mottled
shüdzu
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/Sud_z@/
Gloss:is-mottled
mountain
shaij
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/Sa_id_Z/
Gloss:mountain
move
laidth
Class: root: verbal -- motion
XSAMPA:/la_id_T/
Gloss:move
multiple
-eik
Class: specifier affix
XSAMPA:/e_ik/
Gloss:multiple (-le in triple, -fold in fourfold)
mystery
thai
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/Ta_i/
Gloss:mystery
Return to Top

N

narrow
aing
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/a_iN/
Gloss:to be narrow
Near Islands
Yeiseiowei
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/je_ise_iOwe_i/
Gloss:the nearer archipelago, east of the cluster of continents
nearly
kïshutth
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/kiS@t_T/
Gloss:almost, nearly
necklace
lïs
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/lis/
Gloss:necklace
negative
sa
Class: modal particle
XSAMPA:/sa/
Gloss: No, NEG (clausal)
net
nüv
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/nuv/
Gloss:net, ladder
new
zeidth
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/ze_id_T/
Gloss:to be fresh, part of the new crop
night
fükh
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/fuk_X/
Gloss:night
nine
tüzh
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/tuZ/
Gloss:Nine
noon
is
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/Is/
Gloss:noon
north
ngais
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/Na_is/
Gloss: north
not
-se
Class: modal affix
XSAMPA:/sE/
Gloss: not, no- (as in no-body), NEG
nothing
sae
Class: specifier: numeric, root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/saE/
Gloss: Zero, nought, nothing
nut
nïdhauz
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/niDa_uz/
Gloss:nut, grain (of sand)
Return to Top

O

oar
saull
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/sa_uK\/
Gloss:oar, paddle
oil
hrei
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/h_R\e_i/
Gloss:oil
old
jis
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/d_ZIs/
Gloss:to be old
one
dav
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/dav/
Gloss: One
oracle
vyeicha
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/vje_it_Sa/
Gloss:oracle
ordinal
u
Class: specifier affix
XSAMPA:/@/
Gloss:ordinal maker
ore
üx
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/uh\/
Gloss:ore
ornament
dadvïsh
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/dadviS/
Gloss:ornament
out of
vrai
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/vr\a_i/
Gloss: out of (an enclosure)
out there
eng
Class: root: demonstrative
XSAMPA:/EN/
Gloss: out there, outside the current enclosure
oven
rraid
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/R\a_id/
Gloss:oven
overwhelm
naingaul
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/na_iNa_ul/
Gloss:understand, grab or ensnare on all sides, enwrap or enfold overwhelm
Return to Top

P

pack
rïsh
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/r\iS/
Gloss:pack
pantheon
odh
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/OD/
Gloss:pantheon
parliament
Chevet on Hasri
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/t_SEvEtOnhasr\I/
Gloss: the Hasri's parliament
part
sad
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/sad/
Gloss:part
partner
heusa
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/he_usa/
Gloss:partner, hunting-mate
passive
che
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/t_SE/
Gloss:passivizer, detransifier
past
di
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/dI/
Gloss: past
past habitual
ja
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/d_Za/
Gloss: past habitual (orig. di+ya)
path
wodz
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/wOd_z/
Gloss:path, road
patience
raull
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/r\a_uK\/
Gloss:to be patient
pay
dtharr
Class: root: verbal -- exchange
XSAMPA:/d_TaR\/
Gloss:to pay
pen
edh
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/ED/
Gloss:pen, writing hook
pendulum
kwadth
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/kwad_T/
Gloss:pendulum
perfective
oul-
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/o_ul/
Gloss:completive, perfective
perfume
ül
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/ul/
Gloss:incense, perfume
person
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/r\u/
Gloss:person, 'man', sapient being
pile
rraig
Class: specifier, root: nominal
XSAMPA:/R\a_ig/
Gloss:heap, pile, large quantity
pillar
nün
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/nun/
Gloss:pillar
pinto
zriha
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/zr\Iha/
Gloss: has splotches
pipe
tug
Class: root: nominal -- trade, root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/t@g/
Gloss:a pipe, a hollow tube with flat ends, also a standard unit of volume measurement, sometimes specifically called the flat-pipe
pipe organ
asominat
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/asOFInat/
Gloss: pipe organ (with keys running the wrong way by human standards)
pit
tsaidz
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/t_sa_id_z/
Gloss:pit
place
soitth
Class: root: nominal -- location
XSAMPA:/so_it_T/
Gloss:place, location
plain-colored
seshü
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/sESu/
Gloss:is-plain colored, is unspotted
plains
ngazh
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/NaZ/
Gloss:plains
plant
fün
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/fun/
Gloss:a plant
maih
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/Fa_ih/
Gloss:a plant with starchy edible tubers ('potato') originally from the Polar continent, a staple in some cuisines
thoin
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/To_in/
Gloss:a plant with an edible root, "carrot"
xun
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/h\@n/
Gloss:a plant
zoi
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/zo_i/
Gloss:a kind of plant with edible leaves "cabbage"
plant (v)
rull
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/r\@K\/
Gloss: to plant
plants
jrïf
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/d_Zr\if/
Gloss:plants, greenstock
plants, edible
xezh
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/h\EZ/
Gloss:a plant cultivated for its edible seeds. hovrath is brewed from sprouted xezh
pod
nan
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts, root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/nan/
Gloss:a spherical container, or a spherical unit of volume measure, a pod
poem
fïll
Class: root: nominal -- language
XSAMPA:/fiK\/
Gloss:poem
pole (south)
reurr
Class: root: nominal -- geography, root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/r\e_uR\/
Gloss:spindle, the axle of a wheel, the axis (pole) of the world
porch
gïch
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/git_S/
Gloss:porch
possessive
dil
Class: particle: case
XSAMPA:/dIl/
Gloss: possessive marker
pot
gots
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/gOt_s/
Gloss:pot
potato
maih
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/Fa_ih/
Gloss:a plant with starchy edible tubers ('potato') originally from the Polar continent, a staple in some cuisines
potential
aik
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/a_ik/
Gloss:potential
pouch
nel
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/nEl/
Gloss:pouch, marsupial
pouchchild
jüf
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/d_Zuf/
Gloss:pouchchild
pouchling
sheuthach
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/Se_uTat_S/
Gloss:pouchling
pouchparent
fal
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/fal/
Gloss:pouchparent
pouchsibling
laun
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/la_un/
Gloss:pouchsibling
predator, flying
vana
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/vana/
Gloss: a toothed, feathered, flying predator ('falcon')
predator, large solitary plains
xav
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/h\av/
Gloss: a large solitary theropodish predator on the plains
predator, ocean
ehaiyes
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/Eha_ijEs/
Gloss:ocean predator
predator, pack
degev
Class: root: nominal -- animals
XSAMPA:/dEgEv/
Gloss:a medium sized predator hunting in packs
prefer
soja
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/sOd_Za/
Gloss: is favored, preferred
present
jïk
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/d_Zik/
Gloss:to be present
procession
seif
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/se_if/
Gloss:procession
procreate
dzürr
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/d_zuR\/
Gloss:procreate, invent, compose
progress
uz
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/@z/
Gloss: to progress
proud
waung
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/wa_uN/
Gloss:to be proud
prudent
deih
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/de_ih/
Gloss:to be prudent
pull
üg
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/ug/
Gloss:to pull
pulling
rat
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/r\at/
Gloss:draft, pulling
pump
saurthïzh
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/sa_ur\TiZ/
Gloss:pump
purity
nneis
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/n:e_is/
Gloss:purity
push
üsh
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/uS/
Gloss:to push
put
ik
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/Ik/
Gloss:to put, to place
Return to Top

Q

querent
rrutth
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/R\@t_T/
Gloss:questioner, seeker, one who visits an oracle
query
-rrü
Class: modal affix
XSAMPA:/R\u/
Gloss:query marker
rrüe
Class: modal particle
XSAMPA:/R\uE/
Gloss:query
questioner
rrutth
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/R\@t_T/
Gloss:questioner, seeker, one who visits an oracle
quick
neir
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/ne_ir\/
Gloss:to be fast, to be quick
Return to Top

R

rack
jut
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/d_Z@t/
Gloss:shelf, rack
rain
shos
Class: root: nominal -- weather
XSAMPA:/SOs/
Gloss:rain
read
varr
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/vaR\/
Gloss:to read, view
reason, cause
haish
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/ha_iS/
Gloss: reason, cause (why, with query)
reborn
treyonn
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/tr\EjOn:/
Gloss: reincarnate, reborn, come again; a theological term from the Canticles, but often used casually or metaphorically
record string
tadth
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/tad_T/
Gloss:a beaded string used in record keeping
red
gan
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/gan/
Gloss: is red
redirector
-ïr
Class: specifier affix, particle: directional
XSAMPA:/ir\/
Gloss:redirector, changes the direction of something, eg. 'from' instead of 'to'
reed
eg
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/Eg/
Gloss:reed
reflexive
ei
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/e_i/
Gloss: reflexive, shared, interchanged
resin
eich
Class: root: nominal architecture
XSAMPA:/e_it_S/
Gloss:resin, the amber-like construction material used in Hasrian architecture
resin base
iteich
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/Ite_it_S/
Gloss:one of the two components that react to produce eich resin
tu eich
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/t@e_it_S/
Gloss:one of the components that react to produce eich resin
restaurant
dov
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/dOv/
Gloss:restaurant, tavern
rigging
shegx
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/SEg_?/
Gloss:rigging, cabling
right forward
tarr
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/taR\/
Gloss: right-arm-ward
right rearward
woun
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/wo_un/
Gloss: right-leg-ward
rival
xadh
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/h\aD/
Gloss:rival
river
zlairr
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/zla_iR\/
Gloss:river
road
dein
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/de_in/
Gloss:an engineered road or highway
wodz
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/wOd_z/
Gloss:path, road
rob
ït
Class: root: verbal -- exchange
XSAMPA:/it/
Gloss:to rob
robe
reiz
Class: root: artifacts
XSAMPA:/r\e_iz/
Gloss:robe, ceremonial garment
room
naiv
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/na_iv/
Gloss:room, chamber
rope
rraus
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/R\a_us/
Gloss: rope
rosary
sinnkoh
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/sIn:kOh/
Gloss:a set of beads used for religious pruposes, rosary
rose, evening
ruch
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/r\@t_S/
Gloss:a seven-petalled night-blooming flower, the Hasri's emblem
rotate
leim
Class: root: verbal -- motion
XSAMPA:/le_iF/
Gloss:turn, rotate
route
ïsh
Class: root: nominal -- location
XSAMPA:/iS/
Gloss:route
run
osh
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/OS/
Gloss:to run
Return to Top

S

sack
rük
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/r\uk/
Gloss:sack
sacred
shol
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/SOl/
Gloss:sacred
sage
zhïnn
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/Zin:/
Gloss:sage, holy person, wise person
sail
kosh
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/kOS/
Gloss:sail
salt
ejuch
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/Ed_Z@t_S/
Gloss:salt
same
do
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/dO/
Gloss:same (self?)
sanctuary
xaiv
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/h\a_iv/
Gloss:sanctuary, an enclosed sacred space
sand
rail
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/r\a_il/
Gloss:sand
satellite
loim
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/lo_iF/
Gloss:a moon or satellite, something that goes around a planet
scam
taidhjou
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/ta_iDd_Zo_u/
Gloss:trade trick, scam
scent
rroidth
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/R\o_id_T/
Gloss:scent
score
zuthrei
Class: root: nominal -- math
XSAMPA:/z@Tr\e_i/
Gloss:a score or tally, result of a calculation
scribe
küdz
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/kud_z/
Gloss:create documents, scribe
sea
rrait
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/R\a_it/
Gloss:sea
seabed, etc.
khef
Class: root: nominal -- location
XSAMPA:/k_XEf/
Gloss: top of the trees, bottom of the water
season
thïzh
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/TiZ/
Gloss:season (of the year, not breeding)
season, breeding
llaish
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/K\a_iS/
Gloss:breeding season
seat
kyütth
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/kjut_T/
Gloss:chair, seat
second
ait
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/a_it/
Gloss:second, southern clock system
lïrr
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/liR\/
Gloss:second on a clock in the northern system
secular
zheuk
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/Ze_uk/
Gloss:secular, non-religious, unconsecrated
seduce
zhonn
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/ZOn:/
Gloss:seduce
see
ras
Class: root: verbal -- sensation
XSAMPA:/r\as/
Gloss:see
seed
wesh
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/wES/
Gloss:seed, egg
seed sibling
ngadth
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/Nad_T/
Gloss:seed sibling
seedchild
aujrran
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/a_ud_ZR\an/
Gloss:seedchild
seedparent
ajlluzh
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/ad_ZK\@Z/
Gloss:seedparent
self
ei
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/e_i/
Gloss: reflexive, shared, interchanged
sell
fouv
Class: root: verbal -- exchange
XSAMPA:/fo_uv/
Gloss:sell
sentient key
-e-
Class: specifier key
XSAMPA:/E/
Gloss:specifier for an entity in the sentient/cognitive class
sequester, cloister
dausuth
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/da_us@T/
Gloss:cloister, sequester
settlement
vaiv
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/va_iv/
Gloss: settlement, village
seven
chef
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/t_SEf/
Gloss: Seven
shared
ei
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/e_i/
Gloss: reflexive, shared, interchanged
shed
zheus
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/Ze_us/
Gloss:a small building, not usually a dwelling, often with a roof that only slants one way, often built against a wall or other structure.
shelf
jut
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/d_Z@t/
Gloss:shelf, rack
shell
ull
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/@K\/
Gloss:seashell used as currency, or currency derived from it
shelter
gouvtan
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/go_uvtan/
Gloss:shelter
shine (illuminate)
vag
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/vag/
Gloss:shine, glow
shingle
faig
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/fa_ig/
Gloss:shingle
ship
küdoish
Class: root: verbal -- exchange
XSAMPA:/kudo_iS/
Gloss:to ship
shore
thuvais
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/T@va_is/
Gloss: (sea)coast, shore
short
uf
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/@f/
Gloss:short, of an object
ïd
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/id/
Gloss:short (of a time or distance)
shrine
dzïth
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/d_ziT/
Gloss:shrine
sick
adth
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/ad_T/
Gloss:to be sick, ill
sing
all
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/aK\/
Gloss:to sing
sir
nae
Class: particle: case, root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/naE/
Gloss: polite vocative, term of address, polite referent
sit
char
Class: root: verbal -- motion
XSAMPA:/t_Sar\/
Gloss:to sit
six
zox
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/zOh\/
Gloss: Six
sixteen
taedin
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/taEdIn/
Gloss: Sixteen (hex 10)
sixty-four
ettaeden
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/EttaEdEn/
Gloss: 64 (hex 40)
skillful
fouzh
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/fo_uZ/
Gloss:to have skill
skin
shad
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/Sad/
Gloss: hide or skin
slope
kla
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/k_K\a/
Gloss:slope
slothful
dzi
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/d_zI/
Gloss:to be slothful, to be lazy
slow
eirr
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/e_iR\/
Gloss:slow
small
tsel
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/t_sEl/
Gloss:to be small
smell
auneir
Class: root: verbal -- sensation
XSAMPA:/a_une_ir\/
Gloss:to smell
smoke
ngil
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/NIl/
Gloss:smoke
snow
ïhai
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/iha_i/
Gloss:ice, snow
softgoods
thaill
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/Ta_iK\/
Gloss:softgoods
soil
shet
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/SEt/
Gloss:soil
solstice
adz
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/ad_z/
Gloss:solstice
some (number)
ge
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/gE/
Gloss:some (number or amount of, not non-specific as in someone, -thing)
some- (one, thing, etc)
khü
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/k_Xu/
Gloss:some- nonspecific, as in someone, something
sorrow
fun
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/f@n/
Gloss:sorrow
south
dreith
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/dr\e_iT/
Gloss: south
South Continent
Thuvaistu Dreith
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/T@va_ist@dr\e_iT/
Gloss:the south polar continent, literally "South Coasts" or "South Shores"
space
idh
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/ID/
Gloss:space
speak
houn
Class: root: verbal -- communication
XSAMPA:/ho_un/
Gloss:to speak
vyaix
Class: root: verbal -- communication
XSAMPA:/vja_ih\/
Gloss:to speak
spear
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/li/
Gloss:spear, lance
spearthrower
rüdz
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/r\ud_z/
Gloss:spear-thrower, atlatl
species
rratha
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/R\aTa/
Gloss: an identifiable group of (usually living) individuals, a species or ethnic group, ein volk.
speech
evyaix
Class: root: nominal -- language
XSAMPA:/Evja_ih\/
Gloss:speech, language
spell
lof
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/lOf/
Gloss:tie tadthtu, spell
spindle
reurr
Class: root: nominal -- geography, root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/r\e_uR\/
Gloss:spindle, the axle of a wheel, the axis (pole) of the world
spiral
shyaush
Class: root: nominal, root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/Sja_uS/
Gloss:spiral, the shape, which has great religious importance in the south polar region, also the name of the currency used there, which is marked with spirals
spirit
oll
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/OK\/
Gloss:spirit
splotched
zriha
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/zr\Iha/
Gloss: has splotches
spoon
kid
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/kId/
Gloss:spoon
spotted
shü
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/Su/
Gloss:is-spotted
stalk
rroull
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/R\o_uK\/
Gloss:to creep or slink on all fours, belly down; to stalk like a cat
start text
asrrï
Class: root: nominal -- language
XSAMPA:/asR\i/
Gloss: Start text
steal
sïxed
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/sih\Ed/
Gloss:to steal (takes the thing stolen as an object
steam
glash
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/g_KaS/
Gloss:vapor, steam
stinger
dyek
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/djEk/
Gloss:stinger
ten
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/tEn/
Gloss:stinger, speech organ
stone
vosh
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/vOS/
Gloss: stone
strait
yidz
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/jId_z/
Gloss:strait
strategem, trap 64
lliasi
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/K\IasI/
Gloss: an orchard or hedge or other biological structure, that will take 64 years to fully mature; a plan, trap or strategem that will take that long to come to fruition (Shayanans think the Comte de Monte Cristo lacked patience)
stride
ox
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/Oh\/
Gloss:walk bipedally, stride
string
dzor
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/d_zOr\/
Gloss: string or cord
stumble
wüsh
Class: root: verbal -- motion
XSAMPA:/wuS/
Gloss:to stumble
sub-adult
sellïthi
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/sEK\iTI/
Gloss: a person who is venomously potent, and able to be a pouch-parent, but not (yet) able to be a seed-parent
subspecies
lliratha
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/K\Ir\aTa/
Gloss: Sentient Shayanan subspecies. Nedranetsta are a rratha, but not a lliratha: they are counted as sentient (though largely nonverbal) but don't/can't interbreed with the other seven varieties.
suit, halasi
wuf
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/w@f/
Gloss:category, halasi suit
sun
thi
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/TI/
Gloss:sun
sunrise
rosüz
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/r\Osuz/
Gloss:dawn, sunrise
sunset
tsaud
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/t_sa_ud/
Gloss:sunset
superlative
ve
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/vE/
Gloss: most (superlative, not majority)
surface
audki
Class: root: nominal -- location
XSAMPA:/a_udkI/
Gloss: surface (of the water, as opposed to the tops of the trees or the seabed
surfaceward
dzan
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/d_zan/
Gloss: up or down, "toward the surface"
surround
nai
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/na_i/
Gloss:surround, encircle
swim
oij
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/o_id_Z/
Gloss:to swim
Return to Top

T

tail
züll
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/zuK\/
Gloss:tail, prehensile
tail (animal)
khush
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/k_X@S/
Gloss:tail, animal (non-prehensile)
tail (slang)
künla
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/kunla/
Gloss:tassle, fringe; end (idiomatic, reference to the wültu); tail (slang)
tailward
wirr
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/wIR\/
Gloss: personal direction: tailward
tale
raf
Class: root: nominal -- language
XSAMPA:/r\af/
Gloss:tale, story
tame
nis
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/nIs/
Gloss:tame, domesticated
tassle
künla
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/kunla/
Gloss:tassle, fringe; end (idiomatic, reference to the wültu); tail (slang)
taste
xad
Class: root: verbal -- sensation
XSAMPA:/h\ad/
Gloss:to taste
tavern
dov
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/dOv/
Gloss:restaurant, tavern
temperance
ellxeim
Class: root: nominal -- qualities
XSAMPA:/EK\h\e_iF/
Gloss:temperance
ten
dzal
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/d_zal/
Gloss: Ten
territorial key
-au-
Class: specifier key
XSAMPA:/a_u/
Gloss:specifier for geographic or territorial entities
thatch
ridh
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/r\ID/
Gloss:thatch, layers of dead plant material used on roofs
thatch, live
eudth
Class: root: nominal -- plants, root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/e_ud_T/
Gloss:a live plant used as a roofing material, (probably an epiphyte), "live thatch
the
vi
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/vI/
Gloss:definite article, the, specific
there
ev
Class: root: demonstrative
XSAMPA:/Ev/
Gloss: there (same level of enclosure)
thing
wa
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/wa/
Gloss:thing, object, entity
think
khair
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/k_Xa_ir\/
Gloss:to think
third (clock subdivision)
kug
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/k@g/
Gloss:the third division on northern clocks
thirteen
hodh
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/hOD/
Gloss: Thirteen
thirtytwo
llitaeden
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/K\ItaEdEn/
Gloss: 32 (hex 20)
three
zhan
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/Zan/
Gloss: Three
threshold
euj
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/e_ud_Z/
Gloss:threshold
throat
xing
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/h\IN/
Gloss:throat
tide
tsov
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/t_sOv/
Gloss:tide
tie tadthtu
lof
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/lOf/
Gloss:tie tadthtu, spell
tile
aim
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/a_iF/
Gloss:tile used on a floor or roof or other building surface
tile, marked, halasi
ngaid
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/Na_id/
Gloss:a specially marked "market" tile in the halasi game
time
düth
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/duT/
Gloss:time
to
tla
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/t_K\a/
Gloss:to, as far as, ending at
to object
oi
Class: particle: case
XSAMPA:/o_i/
Gloss: transfer to object
to subject
ye
Class: particle: case
XSAMPA:/jE/
Gloss: transfer to subject
toggle
züla
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/zula/
Gloss:button, toggle; idiom: start, beginning (referring to the asrrï); slang: head
tomorrow
shalür
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/Salur\/
Gloss:tomorrow, lit. future day
tongue
ütth
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/ut_T/
Gloss:tongue (for eating, the talking organ is the stinger
tool
ïz
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/iz/
Gloss:tool
tooth
noin
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/no_in/
Gloss: tooth, ivory
toward
oing
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/o_iN/
Gloss: toward (a location or direction)
trade
jou
Class: root: verbal -- exchange
XSAMPA:/d_Zo_u/
Gloss: to trade with
trade good
zoush
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/zo_uS/
Gloss: item for trade, trade good (more commonly, zoushta: tradegoods)
trade network
esheyev
Class: root: nominal -- society
XSAMPA:/ESEjEv/
Gloss: a network of people joined by trading relationships
tradespeech
jouevyaix
Class: root: nominal -- language
XSAMPA:/d_Zo_uEvja_ih\/
Gloss: trade-speech
transitivise
wei
Class: specifier: AMT
XSAMPA:/we_i/
Gloss:transitivise
travel
nus
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/n@s/
Gloss:to go, to travel
tree
gezh
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/gEZ/
Gloss: tree
trees
gezhda
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/gEZda/
Gloss: the trees, as an inhabitable environment, from gezh +tu
treetops
khef
Class: root: nominal -- location
XSAMPA:/k_XEf/
Gloss: top of the trees, bottom of the water
trick
taidh
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/ta_iD/
Gloss:trick, scam
trot
teug
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/te_ug/
Gloss:walk quadrupedally, trot
true
vain
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/va_in/
Gloss:to be true
turn
leim
Class: root: verbal -- motion
XSAMPA:/le_iF/
Gloss:turn, rotate
tutelary
laijat
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/la_id_Zat/
Gloss:tutelary, having a special relation between this world and the Other
twelve
gladin
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/g_KadIn/
Gloss: Twelve
twin
llüt
Class: root: nominal -- people
XSAMPA:/K\ut/
Gloss:twin
twist
heufet
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/he_ufEt/
Gloss:"twists", the Hasrian currency
twist space
idh heuf
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/IDhe_uf/
Gloss:"twist space", where interstellar ships travel
twisted
heuv
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/he_uv/
Gloss:to be twisted
two
llith
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/K\IT/
Gloss: Two
two hundred fiftysix
rrogxai
Class: specifier: numeric
XSAMPA:/R\Og_?a_i/
Gloss: 256 (hex 100)
Return to Top

U

understand
naingaul
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/na_iNa_ul/
Gloss:understand, grab or ensnare on all sides, enwrap or enfold overwhelm
Unnamed
saveits
Class: root: nominal -- religion
XSAMPA:/save_it_s/
Gloss:Unnamed, a slightly archaic form of the term used when referring to the Hasrian deity of time, death, justice, etc.
uphill
wo
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/wO/
Gloss:against the current or stream, up wind or uphill
Return to Top

V

vapor
glash
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/g_KaS/
Gloss:vapor, steam
vegetable
azithdroz
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/azITdr\Oz/
Gloss: a leafy vegetable, edible when thoroughly cooked, like an artichoke without the choke: most of each tough outer leaf is discarded, but there is no fuzzy thing to watch out for in the center
venom
el
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/El/
Gloss:venom
venom sack
khau
Class: root: nominal -- body
XSAMPA:/k_Xa_u/
Gloss:venom sack
ventral-ward
shoull
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/So_uK\/
Gloss: ventral, bellyward
verbalizer
i-
Class: specifier affix
XSAMPA:/I/
Gloss:verbalizer, adjectivalizer
very
drai
Class: specifier
XSAMPA:/dr\a_i/
Gloss:very
view
varr
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/vaR\/
Gloss:to read, view
village
vaiv
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/va_iv/
Gloss: settlement, village
vine
xazh
Class: root: nominal -- plants
XSAMPA:/h\aZ/
Gloss:vine
violet
neg
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/nEg/
Gloss: is violet
vocative
na
Class: particle: case
XSAMPA:/na/
Gloss: Vocative
voice
kothah
Class: root: nominal -- language
XSAMPA:/kOTah/
Gloss:voice
volume
chï
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/t_Si/
Gloss:a sausage shaped unit of volume measure, equal to a pipe with half a pod on each end
Return to Top

W

wager (n)
zhauts
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/Za_ut_s/
Gloss:wager, a bet
walk (bi)
ox
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/Oh\/
Gloss:walk bipedally, stride
walk (pent)
dhet
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/DEt/
Gloss:walk pentally
walk (quad.)
teug
Class: root: verbal -- travel
XSAMPA:/te_ug/
Gloss:walk quadrupedally, trot
water
üt
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/ut/
Gloss:water
wealth
dauj
Class: root: nominal -- trade
XSAMPA:/da_ud_Z/
Gloss:wealth
weave
hüz
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/huz/
Gloss:to weave
week (5 day)
ish
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/IS/
Gloss:week, in the 5-day system
week, 8 day
ash
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/aS/
Gloss:week, 8-day system
weft
khoiv
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/k_Xo_iv/
Gloss:weft
well
ïn
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/in/
Gloss:well, healthy
west
aih
Class: root: directional
XSAMPA:/a_ih/
Gloss:west
West Continent
Lexore
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/lEh\Or\E/
Gloss:the continent west of the narrow ocean
wheel
rrïr
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/R\ir\/
Gloss:wheel
white
vou
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/vo_u/
Gloss: is white
whole
vot
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/vOt/
Gloss:to be whole
why
haish
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/ha_iS/
Gloss: reason, cause (why, with query)
wide
ïtth
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/it_T/
Gloss:to be wide
wild
hran
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/h_R\an/
Gloss: is wild
wind
shïz
Class: root: nominal -- weather
XSAMPA:/Siz/
Gloss:wind, breeze
window
eix
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/e_ih\/
Gloss:window, skylight
wine
khïdth
Class: root: nominal
XSAMPA:/k_Xid_T/
Gloss:wine, a fermented fruit beverage
with
a
Class: particle: case
XSAMPA:/a/
Gloss: instrumental case. 'with'
dho
Class: particle: conjunction
XSAMPA:/DO/
Gloss:(together) with, plus
without
se
Class: particle: directional
XSAMPA:/se/
Gloss: without
wood
loh
Class: root: nominal -- materials
XSAMPA:/lOh/
Gloss:wood, lumber
woods
gezhda
Class: root: nominal -- geography
XSAMPA:/gEZda/
Gloss: the trees, as an inhabitable environment, from gezh +tu
word
llal
Class: root: verbal -- communication
XSAMPA:/K\al/
Gloss:to mean, to have meaning (word)
work
ser
Class: root: verbal
XSAMPA:/sEr\/
Gloss:to work
wrestle
wauch
Class: root: verbal -- transitive
XSAMPA:/wa_ut_S/
Gloss:wrestle
writing hook
edh
Class: root: nominal -- artifacts
XSAMPA:/ED/
Gloss:pen, writing hook
Return to Top

X

Return to Top

Y

yard
dheim
Class: root: nominal -- architecture
XSAMPA:/De_iF/
Gloss:the yard surrounding a house or building, possibly fenced (not an internal courtyard)
year
nezh
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/nEZ/
Gloss:year
year, double
voith
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/vo_iT/
Gloss:double (lunar calendar) year
yesterday
dilür
Class: root: nominal -- time
XSAMPA:/dIlur\/
Gloss:yesterday, lit. past day
yonder
zhren
Class: root: demonstrative
XSAMPA:/Zr\En/
Gloss: yonder, outside any enclosure
young
ük
Class: root: adjectival
XSAMPA:/uk/
Gloss:to be young
Return to Top

Z

zero
sae
Class: specifier: numeric, root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/saE/
Gloss: Zero, nought, nothing
Return to Top

Other

1st person
dyef
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/djEf/
Gloss: first person dual exclusive
llair
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/K\a_ir\/
Gloss: first person plural exclusive
llei
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/K\e_i/
Gloss: first person plural inclusive
nar
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/nar\/
Gloss: first person singular
zoth
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/zOT/
Gloss: first person dual exclusive
2nd person
fed
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/fEd/
Gloss: second person plural
in
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/In/
Gloss:2nd person singular
wik
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/wIk/
Gloss: second person dual
3rd person
auv
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/a_uv/
Gloss: 3rd person animate plural
ein
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/e_in/
Gloss: 3rd person, cognitive/sentient plural
ez
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/Ez/
Gloss: 3rd person, cognitive/sentient, dual
ou
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/o_u/
Gloss:3rd person inanimate plural
veig
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/ve_ig/
Gloss: 3rd person inanimate singular
voi
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/vo_i/
Gloss: 3rd person animate singular
yon
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/jOn/
Gloss: 3rd person inanimate singular
zhe
Class: root: pronominal
XSAMPA:/ZE/
Gloss: 3rd person cognitive/sentient root: pronominal, 'he/she'
Return to Top
Return to Language Home Page
Return to Lexicon Page